Article 4(h) @ 10:
Ending Mass Atrocities in Africa?
Senate Hall, Conference Centre, University of Pretoria
6-7 December 2012
The Centre for Human Rights in collaboration with the Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria will host a Conference from 6-7 December 2012 in Pretoria, to provide an opportunity for academics, judges, practitioners, policy makers, military personnel, government officials and other commentators to consider legal, procedural and practical challenges in the implementation of Article 4(h). The Conference will provide a forum for important issues to be addressed through evidence-based research and policy debate. The main issue for discussion at the Conference will be how to prevent and end mass atrocity crimes in Africa?
As such, the over–arching theme of the Conference is ‘Article 4(h) @ 10: Ending Mass Atrocities in Africa? The Conference will also facilitate a debate to draw a “Statement on the Role of Article 4(h) in Ending Mass Atrocities in Africa.” The idea of “Pretoria Principles” is to providing actionable guidelines to governments, R2P focal points and practitioners on operationalizing R2P, in general, and particularly on preventing atrocities, compliance with international human rights and humanitarian law instruments, cooperation with international human rights institutions and the international criminal court.
The tentative agenda of the Conference is as follows:
|Thursday 6 December 2012
|08:00 - 08:30
||Arrival and registration
|08:30 - 09:30
|08:30 - 08:45
Chair: Professor André Boraine
Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria
- Professor Stephanie Burton
Vice Principal, University of Pretoria
- Ambassador Ms Kari Bjørnsgaard
Ambassador, Royal Norwegian Embassy in Pretoria
- Professor Frans Viljoen
Director, Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria
|08:45 - 09:30
||Key Note Address: Whither Article 4(h)?
Justice Richard Goldstone
Former chief prosecutor of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, South Africa
|1. LAW AND POLICY
|09:30 - 10:30
||Session 1A - Conceptual issues
Chair: Professor Erika de Wet
Co-Director of the Institute for International and Comparative Law Africa and Professor of International Law, University of Pretoria
- Mr Bright Mando
Legal Officer, Office of the Legal Counsel, African Union
'The background, rationale and aim of Article 4(h) and its proposed amendment'
- Professor Ademola Abass
Head of Program and Research Fellow, United Nations University
'The role of the UN Security Council in authorizing Article 4(h) intervention'
|10:30 - 11:00
|11:00 - 13:00
Session 1 (continued)
- Professor Francis Kofi Abiew
Department of Political Science, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Canada
'The nature of the decision by the AU Assembly and the role of the AU Peace and Security Council in deciding on Article 4(h) intervention'
- Dr Chacha Bhoke Murungu
Senior Lecturer, University of Dodoma
'The nature of the violations that trigger Article 4(h) violations'
|13:00 - 14:00
|14:00 - 16:30
Session 1B - Institutional perspectives
Chair: Professor Christof Heyns
Professor of Human Rights Law, Co-director, Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa, University of Pretoria and United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions
- Dr Tim Murithi
Head of Programme, the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation, Cape Town
'The role of the African Peace and Security Architecture in the implementation of Article 4(h)'
- Mr Charles Mwawura
Head, Continental Early Warning System, African Union Commission
'The role of the African Continental Early Warning System in preventing mass atrocities'
- Professor Michelo Hansungule
Professor of International Human Rights Law, Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria
'The role of the African Human Rights System in preventing mass atrocities'
- Professor Kithure Kindiki
Head of the Department of Public Law, and Senior Lecturer of International Law, School of Law, University of Nairobi
'The role of civil society in the implementation of Article 4(h)'
|Friday 7 December 2012
|08:30 - 11:00
Session 2A - African practice and lessons learnt
Chair: Professor Sandy Africa
Director, Institute for Strategic and Political Affairs, Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria
- Ms Florence Iheme
Director, Early Warning Directorate, Observation Monitoring Centre, Office of the Commissioner, Political Affairs, Peace and Security, ECOWAS
'Lessons from ECOWAS for applying Article 4(h)'
- Maj Gen Fred Mugisha
Chief of Staff, Uganda Peoples’ Defence Force, Uganda; Former Force Commander, AMISOM, Somalia
'The role of multilateral intervention in peace and security: a case study of Somalia'
- Dr Noel M. Morada
Director, Regional Diplomacy and Capacity Building, Asia Pacific Centre for R2P, University of Queensland St. Lucia, Australia
'Responsibility while protecting: challenges and constraints in ensuring accountability in implementing pillar 3 of R2P'
- Mr Martin Kunschak
Referent at Bayerischen Landtag, Germany
'African Solutions to African Problems?'
|11:00 - 11:15
|11:15 - 13:30
Chair: Dr Jakkie Cilliers
Executive Director of the Institute for Security Studies; Extraordinary Professor, Department of Political Sciences; and Extraordinary Professor, Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria
- Ms Susan Nelson
Head of Research Programme, Training for Peace, Directorate of Research, Kofi Annan International Peace Training Centre
'The African Standby Force and the implementation of Article 4(h) intervention'
- Professor Frank Chalk
Professor of History and Director of the Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies, Concordia University, Canada
'How to mobilize the political will to intervene'
- General Henry Odillo
Commander, Malawi Defence Force, Malawi
'Building collective responses to stop mass atrocities in Africa'
- Ms Rachel Gerber
Program Officer for Protection Programming, Stanley Foundation
'Opportunites to Advance State Protection Capacity'
|13:30 - 14:30
Wrap-up session: How to Move from Promise to Practice
Chair: Ms Nolusese Dwabayo
National Office for Coordination of Peace Mission (NOCPM), Department of International Relations and Co-operation, South Africa
- Professor Jeremy I. Levitt
Associate Dean for International Programs and Distinguished Professorof International Law, Florida A & M University College of Law, United States
'How can the AU move from promise to practice?'
- Ms Naomi Kikoler
Director of Policy and Advocacy, Global Center for Responsibility to Protect, New York
'The role of India, Brazil and South Africa (IBSA) and the UN Security Council in the implementation of Article 4(h) and R2P'
- Amb Jan F. Mutton
Research Associate, Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria
'Article 4(h) and the citizen’s right to be protected'
- Professor Brian Lepard
Alumni Professor of Law, University of Nebraska, College of Law
'Philosophical and ethical perspectives on Article 4(h)'
- Ms Jane Connors
Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights, Geneva
'The interaction between international criminal justice and the special procedures of the Human Rights Council'
|16:30 - 17:00
Convener/Rapporteur: Lt Col (Dr) Dan Kuwali
Post Doctoral Fellow, Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria
'Statement/Communiqué on the role of Article 4(h) in ending mass atrocities in Africa'
|17:00 - 17:15
||Closing remarks: Professor Frans Viljoen
Director, Centre for Human Rights,
University of Pretoria